science fiction novel
John Northern Science Fiction and Technology

   "Mathematical Modeling" means to take mathematical concepts and apply them to the real world. If we couldn't use mathematics in the real world, then mathematics would be useless, and spending billions of hours perfecting mathematics would accomplish nothing. So, mathematicians have been cognizant of modeling mathematics to the real world.
   But infinity poses a problem for mathematical modeling.
   Over the years mathematicians have found a way to overcome this problem. Basically what they have done is to say that when we come really close to a number, we will just call it that number, e.g., we'll say that 1.99999999999999999 = 2. Now we can use this number in mathematical modeling when building a bridge, or a high rise, or constructing the flight path of rocket. Or wherever else we're using mathematics in the real world.
   But guess what? It won't solve Zeno's Paradox, because in reality you can't go from an infinite series to a finite number.
   Achilles will never catch up with the tortoise. The javelin will never leave Achilles' hand.


   To complicate the paradoxes even further there have been those who have included the element of time in their solutions. But it is most probable that when Zeno created his paradoxes, time was not one of the factors that he was considering, and that would be because time is not relevant to an object at rest. Zeno's paradoxes are his proof that everything is at rest.
   Nevertheless, since time has become interesting, due to its complexity, which has evolved over the centuries, I have added a short description of time.
   Scientists, philosophers, and laymen alike have taken the concept of "time" and converted it into a mysterious and abstract idea. This has allowed the idea of "time travel," to come into existence—mostly for use by authors and movie producers. But it has also caused incorrect, theoretical descriptions by scientists and philosophers.   

- 7 -